Welcome to my video blog. Sorry for not being on the screen, but I have been sick for a couple of days and I have terrible herpes on my lip but I really wanted to make this video and I am going to make this short. So this is questions about Judaism. part 2 and today we’ll talk about the most important texts in Judaism and I will tell you what is the difference between a synagogue and a temple. First of all, let’s have a look what is the difference between the Talmud, the Torah and the Bible? Well, first of all, Hebrew Bible is not the same as a Christian one. Christian Bible consists of 2 parts – the Old Testament and New Testament. Hebrew Bible is exactly what the Old Testament is, though the books are organized in a bit different sequence and some of them have different versions. Jews call it Tanakh. Tanakh is an acronym to the first Hebrew letters of each of the Masoretic Text’s three traditional subdivisions: Torah (Teaching), Nevi’im (Prophets), and Ketuvim (Writings). Nowadays there are several forms of Tanakh that differ by its content and origin. The Torah has a range of meanings. It can most specifically mean the first five books of the twenty-four books of the Tanakh, it can mean the continued narrative from Book of Genesis to the end of the Tanakh, and it can even mean the totality of Jewish teaching, culture and practice. The Torah or The Pentateuch consists of 5 books: 1) Genesis that tells the story of the world’s beginnings; 2) Exodus that tells the story of Moses and the people of Israel; 3) Leviticus that is devoted mainly to church law, various moral and ritual laws. It also provides a list of rewards for following God’s commandments and a list of punishments for not following them; 4) the fourth book is Numbers tells how Israel consolidated itself as a community, set out from Sinai and spied out the land; 5) and the last book is Deuteronomy mostly about precepts and prophecies to the sons of Israel. The Talmud is a central text of Rabbinic Judaism. It is a collection of legal, ethical and ritual rules of Judaism. It consists of 63 tractates and contains the teachings and opinions of thousands of rabbis on a variety of subjects: agriculture, holidays and rituals, family, history, lore, philosophy, law and so on. The Talmud represents the written record of an oral tradition. It became the basis for many rabbinic legal codes and customs, most importantly for the Mishneh Torah and for the Shulchan Aruch. Now let’s find out what is the difference between a synagogue and a temple and if there is a difference at all. A synagogue is a Jewish house of prayer and there are a lot of synagogues around the world, whereas there is only one temple. I mean there was. So long as the last one The Second Temple was destroyed in 70 CE by Roman legions under Titus. In Hebrew the synagogue is called Bet Kenesset “house of assembly”, the temple is Beit HaElohim “House of God”. Well, this actually is the main difference between these 2 types of buildings. Ordinary people couldn’t enter the Temple. But there was the Great or Outer Court, where people assembled to worship. Usually, men and women sit separately at traditional Jewish services at synagogues. The ark in a synagogue that faces towards Jerusalem is called Aron Ha-Kodesh. It is a cabinet in which the Torah scrolls are kept. Those scrolls are placed to be read on a large, raised platform called the bimah. The main role in a service belongs to a rabbi, who is a religious leader of a certain community. In Orthodox communities, only men can become rabbis. Whereas in conservative, reform and reconstructionist Judaism women also can be ordained.